JXSC Mineral

8 Commonly Used Cyclones

Cyclone is used for liquid-solid-liquid separation, solid particle sorting, or liquid classification. Many types of cyclones exist according to different applications and design requirements. Here are some common cyclone types:

  • Dewatering Cyclone: A device that removes moisture from particulate or solid matter suspended in a liquid.
  • Desliming cyclone: Equipment that removes sediment or other solid particles from water.
  • Deslag cyclone: A device that separates and removes solid particles or waste from liquids.
  • Concentrating cyclone: Used to separate and concentrate liquid mixtures, mainly used in mining, metallurgy, and other fields.
  • Vortex Separator: Separates liquid and solid particles through the vortex effect and is often used in wastewater treatment.
  • Cyclone separator: Generally refers to a general cyclone, which can be used in various fields, including liquid-solid-liquid separation, particle sorting, etc.
  • Gas-liquid cyclone: Used for separating gas and liquid.
  • Liquid cyclone: Mainly used for separation and filtration of liquids, usually used in the chemical industry, pharmaceutical industry, and other fields.

Dehydration Cyclones

Dehydration cyclones are mainly used for the dehydration of various mineral slurries. Different structural designs are adopted according to other material characteristics and diverse production and installation environments, which have the advantages of low pressure, large processing capacity, and high dehydration efficiency.

Applied to a certain tailings re-selection pulping and dehydration operation, when the ore concentration is 5-12% and the -200 mesh content is 75%, the average overflow concentration of the cyclone is controlled below 1.5%, and the effective In the case of dehydration, the loss of valuable minerals is avoided.

In a specific silica sand dehydration operation, the overflow concentration of the dehydration cyclone reached less than 0.5%, and the overflow dragged out almost unqualified fine mud, achieving the dual effects of dehydration and declining, the cyclone overflowed After the water settled, it is reused to save costs.

Dehydration cyclones are widely used in mining, chemical industry, environmental protection and other fields to treat solid particles in suspended liquids, thereby reducing the solid content in the liquid. This equipment helps improve liquid clarity, reduce waste generation, and plays a key role in some industrial processes.

Desliming Cyclone

High-efficiency desliming cyclones are mainly used for desliming operations of metallic ores and non-metallic slurries. The high-efficiency desliming cyclone is based on absorbing excellent foreign achievements. After several years of practice, the proportion and coordination of the main components of the high-efficiency desliming cyclone are determined. The designed and produced high-efficiency desliming cyclone has a high desliming efficiency. High, less loss of valuable minerals, saving user costs and improving production efficiency.

Case: 12.7% of the discarded tailings from a specific silica sand mine are muddy minerals, and 39.3% have a fineness of -325 mesh. Almost all the muddy minerals are stored in the -325 mesh grade. Using the desliming system designed by our company, the removal rate of -325 mesh grade reached 95% after treatment, and the removal rate of muddy minerals reached more than 98.5%. Qualified products were obtained after secondary classification of the sand, which became Waste becomes a treasure.

Desliming cyclones are widely used in rivers, lakes, water treatment plants, and industrial wastewater treatment to purify water bodies and reduce sediment content. This equipment helps improve water quality, prevent sediment damage to water bodies and water treatment equipment, and meet environmental protection and water resources management requirements.

Deslag Cyclone

Deslag cyclone: used in power plant wet desulfurization, lime slurry, crude oil slag removal, tap water sand removal, sewage treatment, and other operations. It can effectively remove coarse sand, metal, and other particulate matter in the slurry and can remove slag. It has the advantages of high efficiency and low loss of useful slurry.

Deslag cyclones are usually used in sewage treatment, liquid-solid-liquid separation in industrial production processes, cooling water systems, etc. It helps to improve the quality of liquids and reduce damage to equipment caused by waste residue. At the same time, it meets the requirements of environmental protection and resource management.

Concentrating Cyclone

High-efficiency concentration cyclones are often used with thickeners and filters, and used in the concentration of various mineral filters, the concentration preparation operations before the carbon slurry cyanidation of mineral fine grinding, and the high tailings concentration transportation and other operations to achieve the slurry concentration. They are rarely used alone and often used in combination with other equipment. Adjusting the structure and installation of the concentration cyclone according to customer requirements and the specific conditions of upstream and downstream operations to optimize the use effect. At the same time, the cyclone device uses a unique internal structure design to produce a higher underflow concentration at a lower overflow concentration, improving production efficiency, reducing expenditures, and saving costs.

Vortex Separator

A vortex Separator is a device used to separate solid particles from liquids, particularly in stormwater and wastewater management. It operates based on the vortex effect, where a swirling motion is induced in the liquid, causing solid particles to settle and be separated. Vortex separators are commonly employed in stormwater treatment systems to prevent pollutants and debris from entering drainage systems and natural water bodies. Vortex separators are considered a sustainable solution for water quality management in urban and industrial settings.

Cyclonic Separator

Cyclonic Separator is a device that uses centrifugal force to separate solid particles in gas or liquid from fluids. It is usually designed in a conical or cylindrical shape and has a cyclone chamber, through which heavy solid particles are separated by cyclonic motion in the chamber. Cyclone separators have the advantages of simple structure, stable operation, and low maintenance cost, so they have been widely used in many industrial and environmental applications.

Gas-Liquid Cyclone

Gas-Liquid Cyclone is a device that separates gas and liquid phases in gas and liquid mixtures. It uses a working principle similar to that of a general cyclone but is designed to consider the interaction of gas and liquid to achieve more effective separation. Gas-liquid cyclones find use in many industrial applications, including:

  • Oil and Gas Industry: Used to remove liquid water droplets from gas streams and purify gases.
  • Chemical industry: used for gas and liquid separation in reactors and concentration.
  • Environmentally friendly applications:Used for waste gas treatment and liquid droplets in the discharged gas to reduce environmental pollution.

The design of gas-liquid cyclones may vary from application to application to accommodate different fluid properties, gas-to-liquid ratios, and separation requirements. These devices are usually favored for their advantages, such as efficient separation, stable operation, and simple structure.

Liquid Cyclone

Liquid Cyclone is a device that separates solid particles or other liquid phases from liquids. It uses a principle similar to a gas cyclone but specifically designed to handle liquid mixtures. These devices are typically used for particle separation, liquid concentration, or classification. Liquid cyclones have a variety of applications in many industrial areas, including:

  • Mining:Used for solid-liquid separation of liquids in ore processing.
  • Chemical industry: Used for liquid separation and concentration in chemical processes.
  • Environmental protection: Used for wastewater treatment to remove suspended particles in wastewater.

The design and performance of these devices will vary based on specific application needs to meet particular particle sizes, liquid properties, flow rates, etc. Liquid cyclones are famous for their simple structure, stable operation, and low maintenance costs.